Born: William Elphinstone Gibb in Fraserburgh, Scotland, 23 January 1943. Education: Studied in Fraserburgh until 1960; studied at St. Martin's School of Art, London, 1962-66, Royal College of Art, London, 1966-68. Career: Founder/partner, Alice Paul clothing boutique, London, 1967-69; freelance designer, working for Baccarat, London, 1969-72; founder/chairman Bill Gibb Fashion Group, London, 1972-88; opened first shop, in Bond Street, London, 1975. Exhibitions: British Design, Musée du Louvre, Paris, 1971; Fashion: An Anthology, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1971; Bill Gibb: Ten Years, Albert Hall, London, 1977. Collections: Bath Costume Museum, Avon; Leeds Museum, Yorkshire; Victoria and Albert Museum, London; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. Awards: Vogue Designer of the Year, 1970; ITV Best Fashion Show award, London, 1979. Fellow, Society of Industrial Artists and Designers, London, 1975. Died: 3 January 1988, in London.
"Getting Going Again," in The Designer (London), May 1981.
Howell, Georgina, editor, In Vogue, Sixty Years of Celebrities and Fashion, London, 1975; New York, 1976.
Carter, Ernestine, The Changing World of Fashion, London, 1977.
Bond, David, The Guinness Guide to 20th Century Fashion, Enfield, Middlesex, 1981.
Glynn, Prudence, Sixty Years of Faces and Fashion, London, 1983.
Sparke, Penny, et al., Design Source Book, London, 1986.
Bill Gibb: A Tribute to the Fashion Designer of the '70s, Aberdeen, Scotland, 1990.
"Top of the Bill," in the Sunday Times Magazine (London), 8 May 1977.
Ebbetts, L., "The Fall and Rise of Bill Gibb," in the Daily Mirror (London), 12 October 1978.
Boyd, Ann, "Gibb's Comeback," in the Observer (London), 22October 1978.
"Bill Gibb Comes Back with Flowers," in Art & Design (London),November 1985.
"Obituary: Bill Gibb," in the Daily Telegraph (London), 4 January 1988.
"Bill Gibb, 44, Fashion Designer for the Famous," in Chicago Tribune, 7 January 1988.
O'Dwyer, Tom, "Bill Gibb—An Appreciation," in Fashion Weekly (London), 14 January 1988.
Rancer, Katherine, "Bill Gibb: 1943-1988," in Vogue (London),March 1988.
Arriving in London at the age of 19 from northern Scotland, Bill Gibb was already obsessed with the dream of a career in fashion. He trained at St. Martin's School of Art, then at the Royal College under the aegis of Professor Janey Ironside. An unprecedented flow of new talent was to emerge from the college in the early 1960s. For the next three years Gibb worked for Baccarat, the prestigious London fashion house, before setting up his own company in 1972 with a complete team, including designers, cutter, and business manager. By 1975 he was in retail.
In the early 1970s unconventionality was the order of the day and Gibb was one of several young designers in the British wholesale market whose work reflected this trend. He responded to the new predilection for romantic and ethnic clothes, inspired by the folk costumes of Europe or the Near East and displaying, too, a feeling of nostalgia for the dress of an earlier historical age, with his full-length skirts and billowing slashed sleeves.
Gibb's was a career of considerable variety and change, "I strove for the top and achieved it within ten years," he said. He believed consummately in his "rare gift…to design beautiful clothes" which would appeal to the sensuality of women. This talent led him through a series of outlets from the personal customer to department stores, from boutiques to newspaper and magazine fashion features, to the opening of his first shop in London's Bond Street in 1975, and was to earn him an international reputation for unique special occasion clothes.
Always an individualist, Gibb was faithful to his own design principles, which relied on the enterprising and ingenious use of textures, weaves, and patterns in fabrics and knitting. Boldly inventive to the point of abandon at times, he mixed and matched materials and colors. His mood was romantic and far out: the effects often larger than life and always unmistakably his own. "I feel," he had said, "rather than dictate. I create a mood." Gibb wanted to create coordinates that gave women choice and pleasure to assemble in the "Gibb style," and with homage to the ethnic feeling of the day, he mixed florals with geometrics, tartans with checks, and produced sunray pleated, beaded and fringed separates, all of which became very popular.
Gibb's output during the 1970s was of such a consistently high standard, it verged on couture. He was probably best known for his evening gowns, fabulous concoctions in floaty and exotic fabrics embellished with appliqués or heavily embroidered nets and lace, silks, brocades, and chiffon panels. In this vein was his 1976 hooded cape, a favorite shape, and voluminous smocks, and kimonos with colored braid trims.
Gibb confessed to a strong feeling for knitwear, which he attributed to his Celtic roots, and he certainly produced some very fine knitted garments, reflecting an interest in soft, thinner fabrics, layered upon themselves, which originated with the Italian school of designers, notably the Missoni family. He also made some beautifully elaborate outfits in printed wool, often Liberty fabrics. By the mid-1970s Gibb was creating stunning leather clothes, using the softest of skins for coats and jackets with wide collars and peplums.
Throughout most of the 1970s Gibb ran a small wholesale business, but was forced into liquidation. A brief period of financial support followed, but it is doubtful whether he enjoyed the restrictions and deadlines implicit in such an arrangement. The mid-1980s saw a brief recovery and, with a renewed collaboration with the knitwear designer Kaffe Fassett, Gibb showed a collection at the London Fashion Week in 1985. His clothing was roundly applauded, with critics dubbing him the "the master of the decorative," praising his "simply cut, richly colored knitted suits and throws," and what was characterized as his "fairytale exercises in the baroque, the beaded, and the burnished."
Gibb will best be remembered for his flights of fancy, and his unique contribution to 20th-century fashion. As Vogue said in 1962, in a feature called "Fresh Air in the Rag Trade," for "the first time the young people who work in the rag trade are making clothes which are relevant to the way they live…ours is the first generation that can express itself on its own terms." Bill Gibb was very much a product of his time, a free spirit. He died at the very young age of 44, in January 1988, from bowel cancer.